Petroglyphs of Hodjikent
The attention of tourists and residents Khodjikent attracted a group of rock carvings, petroglyphs, knocked on the vertical cliff, 30 meters from the road. Currently, there is a tea-house "Chinar" and built the bus station. Almost all the pictures depict the mountain goats.Unusually orientation of these figures to the north, usually ancient artists trying to knock out their works on the cliffs facing to the south, toward the sun. Another feature Hodzhikentskih drawings, marked not by archaeologists and biologists - an unusually long neck. Some goats neck length equal to the length of the trunk. This drawing stylization is rare in other petroglyphs. There is also a unity of style of drawing - in spite of the different sizes, they are similar. Finally, another feature - it Hodzhikentskih petroglyphs - all of them look right.Scientists have even suggested that all the drawings are the work of one artist. The argument for this was the lack of inference on images tails of goats. The dimensions of some figures reach a height of 60 cm, with a length of 37 cm. All the animals are, no traffic, which is often mentioned by ancient artists. The total number of pictures 29. But this figure is not final according to our observations. Some figures are 20-25 cm from the modern ground surface. It is natural to assume that if we make the clearance base of the cliff, you can identify new, unknown figures. In addition to images of mountain goats on the cliff there and skeletal figure of the bull, made in the primitive style.Horns, although exaggerated, but they have the correct form. Increasing the size of the horns seem to underline the most important detail - a means of offense and defense. Realistic images of the Siberian goat, on the horns of which are marked characteristic annual growths - bumps.
Why primitive people made pictures of animals on the rocks? This is a long process that requires considerable physical effort - the stone on stone not so fast "will draw" as on paper with a pencil. Scientists of many countries, studying petroglyphs in various regions of the earth, and did not come to a consensus. Everyone has their point of view. Most supported the view that primitive hunter inflicted drawings (knocked out, painted ocher) for magical purposes. Allegedly, before the real hunting, primitive people imitated (rehearsed) game defeat, hitting a spear in her image. Others specify that the drawings were beaten out in the process of committing a magic rite. Others suggest that the drawings were made of the universal need to fine art, creativity. Like, say, children regardless of abilities, like risovat.Frantsuzsky scientist ethnographer M. Pestel, who conducted the 70-ies of XX century, research in the upper reaches of the Indus River (Hindukush region), resulting in an interesting observation. Hunter mountain village, returning to the village after a successful hunt mountain goat in front of scientists began to beat out of a mountain goat on a stone image. When asked why he does it, the hunter replied: "To the goats were carried out." That is, thought the hunter, whose weapons differed little from weapons of primitive hunters, he revived in the stone he had killed a goat to deceive "the mistress of goats" and she did not notice the loss of one of them. The local population has its own point of view on the origin of the paintings on the rocks. There was a strong belief that the drawings on the rock at Khodjikent, as in other areas of Central Asia (Aravan, Dargan Ata, Kumyshkent, Shahimardan), not that other, as traces here of the Caliph Ali, to be exact - the "shadow" of his horse Duldulya. Considering petroglyphs manifestation of divine action, a man of unknown forces, locals revere such places, considering them "saints." Naturally, it is in these "holy places", they performed their annual ritual ceremonies. This is evidenced by ribbons, pieces of cloth on the tree branches. Each asked for the intercession of the saint and to assist in carrying out their innermost desires and requests for health, wealth, children.